Adaptations

I Will Survive

Food Chains

Impact

100

Red foxes are a type of fox that lives in warm climates. Which characteristic of a red fox makes it suited to warm temperatures? 

A. thin fur 

B. red color 

C. bushy tail 

D. sharp teeth 

A. thin fur 

200

Plankton are tiny organisms that live in the ocean. Some kinds of plankton live near the surface of the ocean where there is sunlight during the day. At night, they travel deeper into the ocean where it is safer to live. Which of the following is the plankton's behavior most similar to? 

A. Some bats hibernate in winter. 

B. Some rabbits shed their thick fur in summer. 

C. Some birds migrate during spring and summer. 

D. Some plants produce poisonous chemical substances. 

C. Some birds migrate during spring and summer. 

300

Josie likes to visit the park in her neighborhood to watch hummingbirds. Based on the long and thin beak of the hummingbird what does it most likely eat? 

A. fish 

B. nuts 

C. insects 

D. nectar 

D. nectar 

400

A safflower is a plant with a small seed that has a thick shell. Birds need to crack open the shell to eat the seed. Which type of beak would be best suited to eating safflower seeds? 

A. short and sharp 

B. short and strong 

C. long and slender 

D. long and pointy 

B. short and strong 

500

Plants that live in salt marshes absorb a lot of salt water. What adaptation do these plants most likely have? 

A. They have spines on their leaves. 

B. They depend on rain for water. 

C. They have stiff stems for support in water. 

D. They have a way to get excess salt out of their bodies. 

D. They have a way to get excess salt out of their bodies. 

100

Sea otters live in large kelp beds in the open ocean. Otters have very streamlined bodies. What does a streamlined body help an otter do? 

A. sleep in the kelp bed

B. swim easily to catch prey 

C. keep water out of its nose 

D. keep its fur dry when it swims 

B. swim  easily to catch prey 

200

Natural fires are an important part of grassland ecosystems. Grass fires break down dead material, clear out shrubs, and cause some seeds to sprout. Why would it be a useful adaptation for a seed to need fire to sprout? 

A. It would prevent the plant from sprouting during the dry season. 

B. It would prevent the sprouting plant from ever getting burned by fire.

C. It would ensure that the plant sprouted only during the snowy season. 

D. It would ensure that the area is clear of other types of plants when it sprouted.  

D. It would ensure that the area is clear of other types of plants when it sprouted. 

300

Arabian camels have a single hump on their back that stores fat. The rest of the camel's body has no fat. How does this help the camel survive in the desert? 

A. It helps them stay cooler. 

B. It helps them blend in with their surroundings. 

C. It helps them carry other animals on their backs. 

D. It shades them from the sun during the hottest part of the day. 

A. It helps them stay cooler. 

400

During the winter, the arctic fox has white fur. During the summer months, its fur is brown. How does this adaptation help the arctic fox survive in its environment? 

A. It helps it attract different mates during different seasons. 

B. It helps the fox tell its family members apart from those of others. 

C. It helps blend in with its surroundings even as they change. 

D. It keeps it warm during the summer months and cool during the winter. 

C. It helps blend in with its surroundings even as they change. 

500

Plants have various adaptations for survival. Some adaptations protect plants by discouraging animals from eating the flowers. Which of these is an adaptation that protects a rose from animals? 

A. tall stems 

B. sharp thorns 

C. large leaves 

D. soft flower petals 

B. sharp thorns 

100

In a food chain, the energy moves from organism to organism. Which of the following is the correct order of energy movement in a food chain? 

A. sun, carnivores, predators, herbivores 

B. sun, consumers, predators, producers 

C. sun, producers, herbivores, carnivores 

D. sun, producers, carnivores, herbivores 

C. sun, producers, herbivores, carnivores 

200

People are part of food chains. What role are people in a food chain? 

A. carnivore 

B. consumer 

C. herbivore 

D. producer 

B. consumer 

300

Iguanas are lizards that eat plants and insects. What kind of consumer is the iguana? 

A. carnivore

B. herbivore 

C. omnivore 

D. producer 

C. omnivore 

400

In a desert food chain, wild pigs called peccaries eat cactus. The coyotes eat peccaries. In a forest chain, deer eat plants. Then wolves eat deer. How does energy move in both of these food chains? 

A. from producers to consumers 

B. from consumers to producers 

C. from scavengers to herbivores 

D. from consumers to consumers 

A. from producers to consumers 

500

In a grassland food chain, the grasshoppers eat grass and meerkats eat grasshoppers. What is the main role of the grasshopper in this food chain? 

A. make a new habitat 

B. be a source of energy 

C. clear grass for space to live 

D. lay eggs to make more grasshoppers 

B. be a source of energy 

100

Lamar is researching the rainforest. He learned that the rainforest once covered 14% of Earth's land surface; now it covers only 6% because of deforestation. Deforestation is the removal of trees from an area. What is the most harmful effect of cutting down so many trees? 

A. more places for animal habitats 

B. an increase in the amount of rain 

C. too much carbon dioxide in the air 

D. not enough room for building houses 

C. too much carbon dioxide in the air 

200

The apple snail is an important part of food chains found in Florida's marshes. The apple snail is also part of many home aquariums. One reason people like to place them in fish tanks is that the apple snail is the biggest living freshwater snail on Earth. However, people who have snails in their fish tanks should never release them into local ponds or rivers. What is the reason? 

A. Apple snails will not survive in the ponds or rivers. 

B. Apple snails will threaten life in the ponds and rivers. 

C. Apple snails will not grow as large in ponds and rivers. 

D. Apple snails will no longer be part of the food chains in Florida's marshes. 

B. Apple Snails will threaten life in the ponds and rivers. 

300

Levi visits a park on a school trip. His teacher tells him that tulips in the park have just started to flower. In which season did Levi most likely see the tulips? 

A. fall 

B. winter 

C. spring 

D. summer 

C. spring 

400

In a forest, there is little growth of plants during the winter. What is the main reason this would affect deer in the forest? 

A. There would be less food. 

B. There would be less water. 

C. There would be less shade. 

D. There would be less shelter. 

A. There would be less food. 

500

In fall, whooping cranes migrate from Wisconsin to Florida. What is the main reason the cranes leave Wisconsin for Florida? 

A. Wisconsin's ground freezes, and the birds cannot get any food. 

B. Wisconsin is too hot in the winter, and the birds prefer cool weather. 

C. Florida receives one kind of sunlight, and Wisconsin receives another kind. 

D. Florida has more rain in the winter, and Wisconsin only gets a small amount of rain. 

A. Wisconsin's ground freezes, and the birds cannot get any food. 

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