Super Space

Nature of Science

As a Matter of Fact

Weather or Not

100

What is our home galaxy?

The Milky Way

200

Why does the Sun, when looking from Earth, appear to be larger than other stars? 

Because the Sun is closer to Earth than other stars. 

300

What is the difference between asteroids and comets?

Asteroids are made up of rock and metal, comets are mostly made up of frozen gas.  As comets come closer to the Sun, their ice begins to melt and creates a “tail” of gas. 

400

What is the difference between rotation and revolution?  Does
the Earth rotate or revolve?

When something rotates, it spins in a direction around its axis (the Earth rotates around its axis once every 24 hours).  Revolution is when one objects orbits another object (the Earth revolves around the Sun once every year).  The Earth both rotates and revolves. 

500

Name four differences between the inner and outer
planets. 

Inner:  rocky surface, relatively short time to revolve around the sun, smaller in size, relatively close to one another, varying temperatures

Outer: Gaseous surface, relatively long time to revolve around the Sun, larger than inner planets, further apart than the inner planets, all very cold 

100

What science tool could you use to find the volume of a small  rock? 

50 mL graduated cylinder

200

Jane is investigating to find out if bean plants grow taller in ordinary topsoil or special potting soil over a three week period. She sets up her investigation with 10 bean plants of equal size in each type of soil.

What should Jane do each day to make sure she gets valid results?

A. Water only the plants in special potting soil.

B. Measure the plants every 3 days to record the plant heights.

C. Move the plants in ordinary topsoil to different locations.

D. Estimate the height of each plant's stem and record the estimate.

B. Measure the plants every 3 days to record the plant heights. 

300

Mr. Krabbs wants to make Bikini Bottoms a nicer place to live. He created a new sauce that he thinks will reduce the production of body gas associated with eating crabby patties from the Kristy Krab. He recruits 100 customers with a history of gas probems. He has 50 of them (Group A) eat crabby patties with the new sauce. The other 50 (Group B) eat crabby patties with sauce that looks just like the new sauce but it really is just a mixture of mayonnaise and food coloring. Both groups were told that they were getting the sauce that would reduce gas production. Two hours after eating the crabby patties, 30 customers in group A reported having fewer gas problems and 8 customers in group B reported fewer gas problems. 

1. What is control group?

Group B 

400

A scientific method is a way to investigate a scientific problem. Although the order of steps can vary, the tasks performed during each step often stay the same. During which step of the scientific method would a scientist collect data?

A. developing a plan

B. making a prediction

C. testing the prediction

D. communicating the results

C. testing the prediction the scientist would collect data 

500

Mr. Brown wonders how minerals affect animal growth and decides to conduct an experiment with his chickens. He begins with 3 buckets containing exactly the same amount of chicken feed and then adds the same amount of 2 different minerals to two of the buckets. He adds calcium to one bucket, adds magnesium to another bucket, and doesn’t add any minerals to the third bucket.

•1.    What is the test variable?
•2.    What is the outcome variable?
•3.    What variables are kept constant?
•4.    Which is the control group?

1)  The minerals

2) the results of the animal growth

3) the amount of chicken feed, the chickens, etc.

4) The chickens who do NOT get minerals. 

100

A scientist observes matter and it is in a cube shape, is hard, and has a volume of 66 cm2. What phase of matter is the scientist observing? 

A. Solid 

B. Liquid 

C. Gas 

D. This is not classified as matter. 

Solid

200

Give an example of a substance that is NOT matter and explain why it is not considered matter.

Answers will vary but could include light, music, etc. because matter takes up space and has mass. 

300

What is the difference between a physical and chemical change? 

Provide an example of each. 

Physical- do not results in the formation of a new substance. 

A physical change has occurred when a substance changes color, size, shape, temperature, or state of matter (example- ice cube melts) 

Chemical- result in the formation of a new substance.  (example- a nail rusting)

400

What is the difference between mass and volume? 

Mass is the amount of matter in an object. 

Volume is a measure of how much space an objects takes up. 

500

Compare and contrast the basic properties of a solid, liquid and gas.

A solid has definite shape and volume.  It’s molecules are packed tightly.  A liquid takes the shape of the container it is in and has a fixed volume.  A gas does not have a fixed shape or volume (it takes the shape of the container).  It’s molecules are spread out. 

100

Name the parts and explain the water cycle. 

Evaporation- when liquid water turns from a liquid to a gas called water vapor

Condensation- when water vapor enters cooler air and changes from a gas back into a liquid.  This is how clouds are formed

Precipitation- when water droplets in the air condense around particles of dust or other solids and gather together, they begin to gather and form clouds.  When condition are right, the water falls back to the earth as precipitation (rain, snow, sleet or hail).

Collection – when water falls back to earth as precipitation, it lands in oceans, rivers, lakes or on land.  The water may be absorbed by the earth or it may run over the soil, as runoff, and collect in the oceans, rivers, and lakes.  This process is called collection.

The water evaporates back into the air, and the cycle starts all over 

200

Fill in the blanks:  ________ pressure is generally associated
with good weather and _______ pressure is generally associated with deteriorating weather conditions. 

High pressure = good weather and

Low pressure = deteriorating weather conditions 

300

Name the 4 types of precipitation and describe the
weather conditions that happen with each type of precipitation. 

Rain- liquid – low pressure, temperature varies, cloudy

Sleet- mixture of rain and snow- cloudy and cold

Hail- solid form of precipitation- severe weather, temp varies

Snow- solid form of precipitation- cold temperatures

400

Explain the characteristics of the tropical zones, temperate zones, and polar zones.

Tropical zones- near equator- mostly warm temperatures

Polar zones- farthest from equator.  The polar zones have freezing temperatures and very little precipitation

Temperate zones- located between the tropical zones and the polar zones.  The climate is considered mild, so it can be either warm or cold.  The temperate zones tend to have the  most varied types of environments like mountains with forests, river valleys, and deserts. 

500

How does the distance to bodies of water, elevation, and
proximity to the equator affect weather and climate?

Distance to bodies of water- large bodies of water create warming and cooling effects that moderate the surrounding area.  Water absorbs and releases heat more slowly than land does

Elevation- the higher you go, the further away you get from the heat being absorbed by the Earth’s surface.  Mountains force air to rise and pass over the mountaintops.  As the air rises, it cools and forms clouds.  As the clouds pass over, precipitation tends to fall in the mountains.  This precipitation causes snow caps on mountains. 

Distance to the equator- the closer you are to the equator, the higher the average daily temperature.  As you move further away from the equator, the average daily temperature decreases

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