Organic Chem is my friend

Carbohydrates for my mate

Proteins a fein

Lipid flip it

Nucleic Acids aren't fracid

Organelles ring bells

100

What is a hydrocarbon?

Molecules of only carbons and hydrogen's
200

Which process splits water and divides a chain?

A.) Dehydration Synthesis

B.) Hydrolysis

C.) Cytolysis

D.) Hemolysis

B

300

What is the difference between Covalent, Ionic, Hydrogen bonds?

Covalent- strongest: two elements share electrons

Ionic: Weaker: Two elements are joined by +/- attractions

Hydrogen: Weakest: when hydrogen bonds to a very electronegative element

400

T/F 

A polymer is a building block

False. A monomers is a building block for a polymer

500

What is a polymer?

A long chain of similar pieces

100

What is the subunit for Carbs?

Monosaccharide 

200

T/F

You can get carbs from brussel sprouts

True

Carbs are found in fruits, veggies, cereals, breads, pastas, grains

300

What are the bonds between monosacchrides called?

A. Glycosidic Linkage

B. Sugar Bond

C. Covalent Bond

D. All of the above

D.

400

What are the two storage polysaccharides?

Starch- In plants

Glycogen- In animals

500

What are the two structural polysaccharides?

Cellulose: Makes up cell walls of plants

Chitin: Make up shells of arthropods

100

Proteins are made of chains of _____ _______

Amino Acids

200

What is the R group?

Side chain that determines which amino acid you will have. 

300

What process forms Proteins?

A.) Dehydration Synthesis

B.) Hydrolysis

C.) Cytolysis

D.) Hemolysis

A. Dehydration Synthesis

400

What are the four levels of organization in proteins? And what are each of their functions?

Primary- order of amino acids

Secondary- hydrogen bonds

Tertiary- interactions of side chains

Quaternary- more than one protein attach to make an enzyme

500

What can break a protein?

There's at least 2

Denaturation

Non-polar solution

Heat

pH

100

What are the 4 things that Lipids do?

Long term energy storage

Make up plasma membrane

Insulate Us

Pad our organs

200

What are lipids made of?

Three Fatty Acids and a glycerol

300

T/F 

Steroids are Lipids

True

400

Explain two differences between fats and oils?

Fats- Found in animals, solid at room temp, saturated fat

Oils- found in plants, liquid at room temp, unsaturated fat

500

A phospholipids head is what?

A.) Non-Polar

B.) Polar

C.) Depressed

D.) Cancerous

B

100

How many strands of DNA do humans have? And how many come from each parent?

46 strands

23 from mom- 23 from Dad

200

What is the subunit for Nucleic acids?

Nucleotides

300

T/F

Dna is single stranded.

False

400

What is the difference between mRNA,rRNA,and tRNA?

mRNA- messenger ( copy of DNA)

rRNA- ribosome- attached amino acids together (peptide bond)

tRNA- transfer- brings amino acids to mRNA and rRNA.

500

What does RNA code for? And where is it found?

Codes for ONE protein

Found in Cytoplasm/ RER

100

What is the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum made up of?

A phospholipid bilayer

200

What occurs in the Golgi Apparatus?

Lipids and proteins are modified and packaged before transport. 

300

What are the inner folds of the mitochondria called?

Cristae

400

T/F

Chloroplasts contains own DNA and Ribsomes

True

500

What is plasmodesmata?

Links between cell walls

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