CULTURAL CONTEXT

INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC

INSTRUMENTS

VOCAL MUSIC

COMPOSERS

MISCELANEOUS

100

The Baroque is the period coming after the ............... and before the ..............

The Baroque is the period coming after the Renaissance and before the Classical period.

200

When does the Baroque period start and finish?

From the 17th century to the mid-18th century.

300

What is the main fact that happened on the social scene?

The Nation-States were organised, the power of kings were supreme (absolute monarchies).

400

What do we call to the people who proctected the artists in this period?

Patrons of Arts.

500

Name three changes that happened in this period, musically speaking.

1. Profane music became more popular than religious music.

2. New instrumental forms appeared (concerto, sonata and fugue).

3. New vocal forms also appeared (opera, oratorio, cantata and passion).

100

Name the causes of the development of the instrumental music in this period.

1. Composers made innovations in their composition (music became spectacular and grandiose).

2. Improvements in instruments construction.

200

Name the three types of concerto.

Concerto grosso, solo concerto and mixed concerto.

300

What is the name of an instrumental form containing various dances. Name three of them.

Suite.

Parts: Allemande, Courante, Sarabande and Gigue.

400

Define fugue.

It is a complex polyphonic form in one single movement, built on a subject that is introduced at the beginning and imitated constantly.

500

What was the original meaning of Sonata?

A musical form composed to be sung.

100

Name the main keyboard instrument in this period.

Harpsichord.

200

What was the instrument built by Stradivarius?

The violin.

300

Name the three main violin constructors.

Stradivarious, Amati and Guarnieri.

400

Why are the instruments made by Stradivarius considered to be the best of the world?

They use special woods and varnishes.

500

What instrument were The Four Seasons concertos composed for?

They were composed for the violin.

100

Where was the opera born?

In Florence.

200

Name the four parts of an opera.

Overture, Interludes, Sollos and Choruses and ballets.

300

What are the name of the vocal performances in the opera?

Aria and recitativo.

400

Name the three religious vocal forms.

Oratorio, cantata and passion.

500

What are the differences between the opera and the oratorio?

The oratorio is religious.

There is no stage-setting (oratorio).

There are no dances (oratorio).

100

What was Vivaldi's nickname?

The Red Priest.

200

Where was Purcell from?

He was from England.

300

What kind of genres did Handel cultivated? 

Operas, oratorios, cantatas, concertos...

400

Who did Lully work for in France?

He worked for Louis XIV

500

Can you recognise him?

He is J. S. Bach.

100

Name all the instrumental forms in the Baroque.

Sonata, toccata, fugue, suite and concerto.

200

Name all the vocal forms in the Baroque.

Opera, oratorio, cantata, passion.

300

Name the main composers you have studied in this period.

Vivaldi, Purcell, Bach, Handel and Lully.

400

What is the name of the group of poets who wanted to create a show based on Greek theatre?

Camerata Fiorentina.

500

What is the difference between the Recitative and Aria?

The recitative is halfway between spoken voices and singing and the aria is a melodic piece sung by a soloist.

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