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President T. Jefferson, 1803, barters a deal to purchase the Louisiana Territory and the size of the US doubles. He sends _______________ and ______________ to explore and map the way to the west Coast. They spend several years mapping a route to the Pacific Ocean.  

Who is Lewis and Clark

 A young Native American woman traveled with Lewis and Clark. Her husband (who had bought her), Jean Baptiste Charbonneau, joined the expedition and therefore so did she. She was 16 and had a child. She assisted in some ways with the travels from North Dakota West and back to St. Louis. This amazing Native American woman was______________________  

Who is Sacagawea

The Indian Removal Act by Congress in 1830 broke treaties and stated that all Native Americans in the _____________________ were to be moved west. Their land would be seized by the American Government and new land would be granted to them west of the Mississippi. The primary tribe was the Cherokee.

What is the SouthEast?

  In 1836 the Creeks were forced from their land for the last time: 3,500 of the 15,000 Creeks who set out for Oklahoma did not survive the trip. In 1838.more than 5000 Cherokee died from diseases, starvation and exhaustion as they walked the 1500 miles west. This walk is known as the ____________  

What is the Trail of Tears?

 1848-1845 The ___________ Rush brought more than 300,000 people to California in search of fortune. This special item was discovered at Sutter's Mill. San Francisco grew from a town of 1000 to more than 30,000 within a few years.  

What is the Gold Rush?

 People made their way to Independence, Missouri , the starting point of the __________ Trail . The trip west was about 2,000 miles and through six different states including Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon. 

What is the Oregon Trail?

 It followed much the same route as the Oregon Trail. Two routes were involved in the construction. The Central Pacific section would come from California and the Union Pacific section would come from the Midwest. It eventually met in Promontory Summit, Utah on May 10, 1869. This was the Transcontinental __________________  ( In 1863-1869)   

What is the Transcontinental Railroad

 The term coined by a newspaper reporter to name the justification by President Andrew Jackson and Congress to take lands from the Native Americans and Mexican Americans and join this country from coast to coast was ____________________.

What is Manifest Destiny?

 Before the railroad, mail traveled slow from East to West. There was a company that hired young riders to carry the mail by fast horse. 100 relay stations along the way provided new horses and a new rider.  They traveled more than 2000 miles in less than 2 weeks. This was the __________________________________  

What is the Pony Express?

 In 1836 during a battle for Independence, Texans occupied the _____________, a former Franciscan mission located near the present-day city of San Antonio. 200 people held on for 13 days, defending the fort from Santa Anna's Army. Jim Bowie and William travis led the Texans . Davie Crockett, frontiersman and former Congressman from Tennessee was among the defenders. This demonstration of courage and defenders of freedom are hailed throughout history. The call to " Remember The _____________" was used by Texans in further battles.  

What is the Alamo?

160 acres of public land would be granted by the__________________ Act of 1820. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land.  

What is Homestead Act?


The invention and use of ________ wire in the 1870s- 1880s ended the era of great cattle drives.

What is barbed wire?


As people moved west, they hunted a particular animal almost to extinction. There were literally millions of these large animals on the plains before they fell prey to the people coming west. 

What is the buffalo?


There was a large immigration of people from this Asiancountry to the West coast who helped to build the Transatlantic Railroad. 

What is China?


The Monroe Doctrine of 1823 was designed to stop and prohibit further colonization by _____________ countries in Latin America. 

What is European?

The pioneers had to cross rough terrain such as the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Many crossed in covered wagons that carried their possessions of the past and tools for the future. Traveling together was a_______train.    

What is wagon?

It meant that the government had the God given right to join east coast to west coast by any means.The US Government took land from the Native Americans,Mexico,and the early Spanish Settlers in California. 

What is Manifest Destiny?

The massacre at ______________ was the last major battle of the Indian Wars, December 29, 1890. The battle was between U.S. military troops and Lakota Sioux Indians. Approximately 300 Sioux men, women, and children were killed.  

What is Wounded Knee?

 At the battle of Little Bighorn, in June 1876, Custer unwisely divided his troops, and a numerically superior force of Indians wiped out him and all of his men. This battle, known as "_________________," convinced the army that the Sioux were a powerful force,  

What is Custer's Last Stand?

 The C______________ of 1850 was a major effort at quieting sectional conflict in pre-Civil War American politics. It allowed California into the US as a free state and then New Mexico and Utah would not be subject to restrictions on slavery.  

What is Compromise?

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